This article takes you through general considerations when using a wall luminaire (sometimes called a wall pack), the subtle differences between wall luminaires and bulkheads and provides a quick checklist on when you should use each one.
Let’s take a closer look at wall mounted luminaires in general. The position of a wall luminaire means that by their nature lighting designs should be more human-centric and closely follow the principles of design for people. Key factors that need to be considered include; colour temperature (CCT), mounting height, glare, addressing the lighting task and vandalism.
Due to the types of applications and lower mounting heights wall luminaires are installed in, including - perimeter walls around buildings, footpaths and pathways, railways stations and car parks, wherever possible, human centric lighting with a colour temperature of 3000K or lower is recommended.
Which mounting height?
In a typical lighting scheme, a wall product is generally mounted at 3m high, however, mounting heights can range from 3m to 6m.
In all schemes, luminaires should be selected carefully. Bulkheads have little to no optical control, whereas wall mounted luminaires generally have a choice of application-specific optics.
Ensure that products are installed in a location that will reduce spill light and keep glare to a minimum. For environmentally sensitive areas or areas where neighbouring properties are a consideration, precision optics will minimise the upward spread of light near to and above the horizontal. A ULOR of 0% is recommended.